- Pluralist, in which the state is seen by its people as having moral legitimacy;
- Populist, in which government is viewed as an expression of the people's will;
- "great beast", in which the rulers' power depends on using force to keep the populace cowed; and
- "great fraud", in which the elite uses smoke and mirrors to convince the people of its inherent authority.
Saturday, August 11, 2007
A while back, I read Charles Mann's 1491, an engaging book showing how profoundly American peoples had reshaped the environment before the arrival of Columbus. Watching the unraveling of things in Washington now keeps bringing me back to a quote from that work (p. 257) paraphrasing the anthropologist Clifford Geertz, that all states can be described as one of these types: